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Dive into a study that evaluates a standardized process of using rapid exome sequencing to help diagnose critically ill children with suspected genetic diseases in this Concise Critical Appraisal.
From Critical Care Explorations. The authors performed anticoronavirus immunoglobulin G profiling of critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 patients to better define their underlying humoral response.
From Critical Care Explorations. This Letter to the Editor was written in response to the article by Rizvi and Gallo De Moraes entitled “New Decade, Old Debate: Blocking the Cytokine Pathways in Infection-Induced Cytokine Cascade.”
From Critical Care Medicine. In this study, the authors found that ICU coronavirus disease 2019 patients showed upregulated glucocorticoid receptor alpha and glucocorticoid-inducible leucine zipper expression, along with cortisol levels, compared with ICU noncoronavirus disease 2019 patients. Thus, they concluded, on ICU admission, critical coronavirus disease 2019 appears to be associated with hypercortisolemia, and increased synthesis of glucocorticoid receptor alpha and induced proteins.
From Critical Care Medicine. This Editorial was written in response to the article by de Roquetaillade et al. entitled “Comparison of Circulating Immune Cells Profiles and Kinetic Between Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Bacterial Sepsis,” which explores the relationship between the immune profile of COVID-19 patients and clinical outcomes.
From Critical Care Medicine. In this study, the authors found that the he institution of nonpharmaceutical interventions was associated with a significant decrease in elective and acute ICU admissions and ICU resource use. These findings may help hospitals and health authorities planning for surge capacities and elective surgery management in future pandemics.
From Critical Care Explorations. In this study, the authors sought to validate prognostic scores in coronavirus disease 2019 including National Early Warning Score, Modified Early Warning Score, and age-based modifications, and define their performance characteristics.
From Critical Care Explorations. Interleukin-7 Reverses Lymphopenia and Improves T-Cell Function in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patient With Inborn Error of Toll-Like Receptor 3: A Case ReportG966
From Critical Care Explorations In this observational study, the authors successfully identified significant genetic factors in OAS1 and IL1B genes using a candidate gene approach study as valuable information for further mechanistic investigation and predictive model building.
The members of the Critical Care Societies Collaborative, which are the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN), American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST), American Thoracic Society (ATS), and Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM), strongly urge people to get vaccinated against the COVID-19 virus and to receive their influenza (flu) immunizations for the upcoming flu season.
From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. In this letter to the editor, the authors state that the understanding of the immunopathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 infection is important not only to understand the epidemiologic and age-related differences in COVID-19, but it is critical for the identification of appropriate treatment, as well as for the development of a highly immunogenic vaccine with low risk of antibody dependent enhancement.
From Critical Care Explorations. In this narrative review, the authors summarize existing knowledge of the immune response to coronavirus infection and highlight the current and potential future roles of therapeutic strategies to combat the hyperinflammatory response of patients with coronavirus disease 2019.
From Critical Care Explorations. The authors investigated the pathophysiological relationship between proinflammatory cytokines and respiratory failure in severe coronavirus disease 2019.
From Critical Care Explorations. In this case report, the authors describe a pediatric patient with coronavirus disease-19-associated multisystem inflammatory syndrome without robust hyperinflammation and a delayed finding of coronary artery dilatation, which they believe highlights the need for further mechanistic understanding of coronavirus disease-19 disease and subsequent multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children or Kawasaki disease development.
From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. In this article, the authors report their experience developing a clinical inpatient protocol for the evaluation, management, and follow-up of patients with multisystem inflammatory syndrome.
From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. In this article, the authors review the current clinical knowledge of coronavirus disease 2019 disease in critically ill children and discuss some specific treatment concepts based mainly on expert opinion based on limited experience and the lack completed controlled trials in children at the time of the paper.
From Critical Care Medicine
The authors evaluated the inflammatory response in patients with severe acute respiratory infection due to the Middle East respiratory syndrome and non-Middle East respiratory syndrome and assessed the presence of distinct inflammatory subphenotypes using latent class analysis.
SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These resources are categorized as Immunology
From Critical Care Explorations. The authors evaluated the in vitro effects of dexamethasone phosphate on T cell function in peripheral blood mononuclear cells derived from patients with acute, severe, and moderate coronavirus disease 2019.