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Tag: COVID-19

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COVID-19 ICU Update on​ Telegram Messenger

This presentation reviews how clinicians are sharing COVID-19 stories and management information through an online communication tool during the pandemic. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


COVID-19 in Critically Ill Children: A Narrative Review of the Literature

From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. In this article the authors review available literature on COVID019 in critically ill children and provide valuable insight into the clinical management of this disease, as well as information on preparedness activities that every PICU should perform.


COVID-19 Integrating Critical Care Pharmacists into Safe and Effective Care Delivery in the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic

This interactive webinar focused on key elements of critical care pharmacotherapy and pharmacy operations in the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic.


COVID-19 Managing Nutrition Support for Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients - Held in partnership with ASPEN

This pre-recorded webinar presents an overview of the nutritional management of the critically ill patient with COVID-19 infection and addresses the vital need for nutrition, nutritional requirements, and the appropriate indications and management of enteral and parenteral nutrition in the context of COVID-19 management.


COVID-19 Pharmacology Debates: Anticoagulant and Immunomodulator Use

This webinar debate will cover immunomodulatory therapies and approaches to anticoagulation in patients with COVID-19. Each debate will be moderated by the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Presidents.


COVID-19 Pharmacology Debates: Management of Delirium, Pain and Sedation

The Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) in their third series of therapeutic debates in the management of COVID-19.


COVID-19 Pharmacology Debates: Steroid and Antiviral Use in COVID-19 Patients

ASHP and the SCCM teamed up in their second series of therapeutic debates in the management of COVID-19. In the first debate, the content matter experts reviewed the latest literature and debate the use of steroids for treatment of COVID-19.


COVID-19 Vaccination in Pregnant Individuals​

This resource details vaccinating pregnant patients for COVID-19.

This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


COVID-19 Vaccination: Logistics, Logistics, Logistics

The original webcast served as a COVID-19 vaccination primer that can be used by all types of healthcare workers (HCWs) to help them prepare for Operation Warp Speed and the mass vaccination efforts in the United States. This section of the webcast focused on an COVID-19 vaccination logistics. Webcast Recorded on Friday, January 8, 2021


COVID-19 Vaccine Implementation

The original webcast served as a COVID-19 vaccination primer that can be used by all types of healthcare workers (HCWs) to help them prepare for Operation Warp Speed and the mass vaccination efforts in the United States. This section of the webcast focused on vaccine implementation. Webcast Recorded on Friday, January 8, 2021


COVID-19 Vaccine Storage Considerations

The original webcast served as a COVID-19 vaccination primer that can be used by all types of healthcare workers (HCWs) to help them prepare for Operation Warp Speed and the mass vaccination efforts in the United States. This section of the webcast focused on an vaccine storage considerations. Webcast Recorded on Friday, January 8, 2021


Creative Approaches for Early Mobility in Patients with COVID-19

This presentation provides an overview of the types of strategies for approaching the E Element (Early Mobility) of the ICU Liberation Bundle in patients with COVID-19. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Critical Care Clinician Reports on Coronavirus Disease 2019: Results From a National Survey of 4,875 ICU Providers

This study queried United States (U.S.) ICU clinician perspectives on ICU preparedness and concerns regarding delivering COVID-19 patient care.


Critical Care Documentation and Billing Update: COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has presented a unique set of challenges. These challenges have been tempered to some extent by provisions made by the American Medical Association and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to assist with the billing and documentation burden.


Critical Care for Coronavirus Disease 2019: Perspectives From the PICU to the Medical ICU

From Critical Care Medicine. The authors describe the unique perspective of pediatric intensivists caring for critically ill adults during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.


Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series

This webcast series engages a panel of critical care experts who will address questions from non-ICU clinicians caring for critically ill patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants are encouraged to ask about any related topics at the time of registration or live during the session.


Critical Ethics: How to Balance Patient Autonomy With Fairness When Patients Refuse Coronavirus Disease 2019 Testing

From Critical Care Explorations. In this review articles, the authors set out to identify the most ethical way a given healthcare system may respond to a patient’s refusal to undergo coronavirus disease 2019 testing.


Critical Illness, Intensive Care, And Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

This resource is a patient guide detailing how Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is seen in critical illness and intensive care. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Cytokine Storm and ARDS - Comparison of Corticosteroid Dosing Strategies

This resource details how to manage cytokine storm and ARDS by comparing corticosteriod dosing strategies for COVID-19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


D-dimer and Death in Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine.  In a large multicenter cohort study of critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019, the authors found higher D-dimer levels were independently associated with a greater risk of death.


De Novo Renal Failure and Clinical Outcomes of Patients With Critical Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine 

The authors found that respiratory failure conveys significant mortality risk in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 and survival with concomitant renal failure is rare.


Death, Grief, and Funerals in the COVID Age

This resource details how compassion in healthcare has changed with COVID-19. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Delayed Development of Coronary Artery Dilitation in Suspected Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome: More Research Needed

From Critical Care Explorations. In this case report, the authors describe a pediatric patient with coronavirus disease-19-associated multisystem inflammatory syndrome without robust hyperinflammation and a delayed finding of coronary artery dilatation, which they believe highlights the need for further mechanistic understanding of coronavirus disease-19 disease and subsequent multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children or Kawasaki disease development.


Delirium Incidence, Duration, and Severity in Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations

The authors found that mechanical ventilation was significantly associated with odds of delirium even after adjustment for sedatives.


Design for Implementation of a System-Level ICU Pandemic Surge Staffing Plan

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors provide a description of the design, dissemination, and implementation of an ICU surge provider staffing algorithm, focusing on physicians, advanced practice providers, and certified registered nurse anesthetists, at a system-wide level.


Despite limited experience, have you seen a pattern of cardiac injury and sudden cardiac decompensation in patients with COVID-19?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


Detection and Profiling of Human Coronavirus Immunoglobulins in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors performed anticoronavirus immunoglobulin G profiling of critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 patients to better define their underlying humoral response.


Dexmedetomidine-Associated Hyperpyrexia in Three Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations. In this study of three patients, the authors state that their findings suggest that high doses of dexmedetomidine infusion are associated with hyperpyrexia in a seemingly dose-dependent fashion in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019.
 


Diagnosis and Management of Acute Respiratory Failure

Point of Care (PoC) Refresher Training. While current recommendations for respiratory support in COVID-19 support the use of the high-flow nasal cannula for hypoxia, oxygen supplementation strategies vary by institution. Make sure to follow your institution's protocols.


Did you manage any acutely ill patients on the ward with noninvasive ventilation and proning? Did you prone nonintubated patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on August 12, 2020.


Disparities in the Use of Corticosteroids for ARDS Caused by COVID-19 by Different Organizations: What Is the Right Answer?

Steve Pastores, MD, co-author of the Critical Care Explorations article "Rationale for Prolonged Corticosteroid Treatment in the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by Coronavirus Disease 2019," discusses the disparities in the use of corticosteriod treatment for ARDS caused by COVID-19 by different organizations. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Disseminated Multifocal Intracerebral Bleeding Events in Three Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients on Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation As Rescue Therapy

From Critical Care Explorations. In this article, the authors describe three coronavirus disease 2019 patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome under venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy and tight anticoagulation monitoring presenting a novel pattern of multifocal brain hemorrhage in various degrees in all cerebral and cerebellar lobes.
 


Do ICU patients with COVID-19 require a high amount of sedation or paralysis?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Question and Answer Webcast Series - Webcast 2 held on April 10, 2020.


Do you favor pressure or volume control ventilation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome from COVID-19?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on March 10, 2021


Do you have a preference between CPAP and BiPAP? Does it depend on the etiology of the respiratory failure? What is your experience with current patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


Do you have any comments about patients on  clopidogrel who had COVID-19 and developed ischemic stroke secondary to embolic thrombosis?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on February 24, 2021


Do you have any comments on airway management, instrumentation, or intubation protocols?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


Do you have any experience with tocilizumab and related drugs? What is your impression of them?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on December 9, 2020.


Do you recommend calling pharmacy or infectious diseases for patients admitted to the ward with a positive COVID-19 test and some COVID-19 symptoms?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on November 4, 2020.


Do you use proning beds or manual proning?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on June 10th, 2020.


Does any laboratory marker correlate well with or predict severity of illness for COVID-19 patients?

In this question and answer webcast, attendees had the opportunity to post questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues. Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also addressed. Webcast held on June 19, 2020


Does high-flow nasal cannula increase the risk of aerosolization more than a patient coughing?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


Does ketamine help resolve agitation or delirium? Are hallucinations a possible side effect of ketamine?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on March 10, 2021


Does literature on the peripheral vascular administration of vasoactive drugs apply to children as well as adults?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 9, 2020.


Does Pulmonary Aspergillosis Complicate Coronavirus Disease 2019?

From Critical Care Explorations. In this article, the authors summarize what is known about coronavirus disease 2019 complicated by Aspergillus, introduces coronavirus disease 2019–associated pulmonary aspergillosis as a possible clinical entity, and describes reasons clinical suspicion of Aspergillus is warranted in the critical care setting.
 


Does your hospital use any inflammatory markers besides D-dimer? Would you advocate for any other inflammatory marker? Do you check D-dimer or other markers on admission, daily, or weekly? What is your rationale for your approach?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on July 8th, 2020.


Does your institution provide guidelines as to when a patient with COVID-19 needs intensive care? Do these parameters change based on hospital capacity?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on March 10, 2021


Dysphagia in Patients With Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019—Potential Neurologic Etiologies

From Critical Care Explorations. In this case series, the authors investigate dysphagia in patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019.


Early Percutaneous Tracheostomy in Coronavirus Disease 2019: Association With Hospital Mortality and Factors Associated With Removal of Tracheostomy Tube at ICU Discharge. A Cohort Study on 121 Patients

From Critical Care Medicine

This study shows how early percutaneous tracheostomy was safe and effective in coronavirus disease 2019 patients, giving a good chance of survival and of weaning from tracheostomy cannula at ICU discharge.


Early Respiratory Outcomes Following Cardiac Surgery in Patients With COVID‐19

This resource details early respiratory outcomes following cardiac surgery in patients with COVID‐19. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Early Tocilizumab Dosing Is Associated With Improved Survival in Critically Ill Patients Infected With Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors identify the most efficacious timing for tocilizumab administration in critically ill patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2.


ECMO in COVID-19

This presentation is an overview of using ECMO for COVID -19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Editorial - Coronavirus Disease 2019 Triage Teams: Death by Numbers

From Critical Care Medicine. An editorial associated with Sprung et al. article ("Adult Intensive care unit triage during the COVID-19 pandemic - Who will live and who will die? Recommendations to improve survival"), stating that the concept of the triage committee has disturbing flaws.


Editorial: Be Careful and Protect Yourself, It Is in the Air

From Critical Care Medicine. In this editorial, the authors discuss hospital staff safety in the article "Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 1 and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 During Aerosol-Generating Procedures in Critical Care: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies" by Chan et al.


Editorial: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Coronavirus Disease 2019: Rebalancing Risk, Reward, and Autonomy

From Critical Care Medicine

In this editorial, the authors discuss the risks of healthcare professionals performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation on coronavirus disease 2019 patients.


Editorial: Coronavirus Disease 2019 Acute Respiratory Failure: Almitrine Drug Resuscitation or Resuscitating Patients by Almitrine?

From Critical Care Medicine

In this editorial, the author discusses the seeming benefits of using almitrine for severe hypoxia in patients with coronavirus disease 19 induced acute respiratory distress syndrome.


Editorial: Coronavirus Disease 2019 Prediction Modeling: Everything Old Is NEWS Again

From Critical Care Medicine. In this Editorial, the authors comment on the article by Liu et al. “Evaluation of the Risk Prediction Tools for Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wuhan, China: A Single-Centered, Retrospective, Observational Study” and note that tools developed for general critical illness can be leveraged for COVID-19 patient care.


Editorial: Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Tsunami of Data and a Plethora of Unanswered Questions

From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. In this editorial, the author discusses issues emerging from the study by Bhumbra et al. (Clinical features of critical coronavirus disease 2019 in children) that are worthy of discussion and further exploration, including the predilection for racial minorities, similarities and differences to sepsis, wide expression of clinical disease, and the conundrum of providing family centered care.


Editorial: Dealing With the CARDS of COVID-19

From Critical Care Medicine. An editorial associated with the Mauri et al. article on personalized ventilation for COVID-19 ARDS patients.


Editorial: Delivering Care From an Unstable Evidence Base: The Evolving Care of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Through the Lens of High-Flow Nasal Oxygen

From Critical Care Medicine. In this Editorial, the authors discuss the challenges of caring for patients with COVID-19 without evidence to guide them through the lens of high-flow nasal oxygenation and how there have been slow changes for improvement.


Editorial: Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

From Critical Care Medicine. In this editorial, the authors discuss the important role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a rescue therapy for patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia associated with severe ARDS.


Editorial: Financial Toxicity After Hospitalization; Considerations in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Recovery

rom Critical Care Medicine. In this Editorial, the authors comment on an article by Hauschildt et al. (Financial Toxicity After Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A National Qualitative Cohort Study).


Editorial: Finding the Right Ethical Framework for PICU Resource Allocation During a Pandemic

From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. An editorial in response to an article by Killien et al. on resource "Prediction of Pediatric Critical Care Resource Utilization for Disaster Triage," noting that, although uniform use of the version of PELOD-2 proposed by Killien et al. won’t eliminate all variation from resource allocation strategies, finding any common ground in resource triage schemes is an important first step.


Editorial: Lessons Learned From the Front Line: Outcomes of Noninvasive Ventilation for Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia in China

From Critical Care Medicine. In this Editorial, the authors look at the study by Wang et al. (Clinical Features of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients With Mechanical Ventilation: A Nationwide Study in China)


Editorial: Pediatric Sepsis in the Time of Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. In this editorial, the author reviews ""Perspectives on Pediatric Sepsis in Patients with COVID-19"" from the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Pediatric Guidelines Taskforce authors.
 


Editorial: Survival From Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019: Is It Changing?

From Critical Care Medicine

In this editorial, the authors discuss the factors behind why patients had a higher likelihood of surviving coronavirus disease 2019 in June 2020 compared to March 2020.


Editorial: The Complex Issue of Race and Coronavirus Disease 2019 in the ICU

From Critical Care Medicine. In this editorial, the authors discuss the article Racial Differences in a Detroit, MI, ICU Population of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients by Lazar et al. about healthcare inequalities and  disparate outcomes.


Editorial: The Pandemic Paradox: A Celebrated Exhaustion

From Critical Care Medicine. In this editorial, the author discussed burnout and its impact on clinicians.


EEG Changes Associated with COVID-19

An expert panel representing the Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and the Neurocritical Care Society (NCS) teamed up to discuss cEEG monitoring and implementation of a cEEG program in COVID-19 patients, seizure detection, utility and treatment implications, along with practical considerations.


Effects of Inhaled Epoprostenol and Prone Positioning in Intubated Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients With Refractory Hypoxemia

From Critical Care Explorations

In this study, the authors found that, in critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients with coronavirus disease 2019 who had refractory hypoxemia, oxygenation improved to a greater extent with combined use of inhaled epoprostenol and prone positioning than with each treatment individually.


Effects of Positive End-Expiratory Pressure in “High Compliance” Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

From Critical Care Medicine. In this study, the authors state their data suggest that a ""higher” positive end-expiratory pressure approach in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 acute respiratory distress syndrome and high compliance improves oxygenation and lung aeration but may result in alveolar hyperinflation and hemodynamic alterations.
 


Efficacy of Serum Angiotensin II Levels in Prognosis of Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine. In this study, the authors found that serum angiotensin II levels decrease significantly in patients with coronavirus disease 2019, and this decrease is correlated with lung damage.


Emerging Data on Co-Infections and Secondary Infections in Patients With COVID-19

This presentation is an overview of the emerging data on co-infections and secondary infections seen with COVID-19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Emerging Vaccines Overview

The original webcast served as a COVID-19 vaccination primer that can be used by all types of healthcare workers (HCWs) to help them prepare for Operation Warp Speed and the mass vaccination efforts in the United States. This section of the webcast focused on an emerging vaccines overview. Webcast Recorded on Friday, January 8, 2021


Endothelial Injury and Glycocalyx Degradation in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients: Implications for Microvascular Platelet Aggregation

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors found that thrombosis profiling identified endothelial activation and glycocalyx degradation in coronavirus disease 2019 positive patients and believe that the data from this study suggest that medications to protect and/or restore the endothelial glycocalyx, as well as platelet inhibitors, should be considered for further study.


Endotracheal Intubation Confirmation With Point-of-Care Ultrasound

This presentation covers endotracheal intubation confirmation with POCUS. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Epiglottitis Case: A Unique Presentation of COVID-19 Infection

This resource is an case presentation of epiglottitis and COVID-19. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Establishing Pharmacy Services in an Alternate Care Site

This presentation discusses how to best organize a pharmacy at an alternate care site. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Evaluation of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Severity Using Urine Biomarkers

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors conducted a study to determine whether noninvasive urine biomarkers can predict the clinical severity of coronavirus disease 2019.


Evaluation of Hypertriglyceridemia in Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 Receiving Propofol

From Critical Care Explorations. In this study, the authors report the prevalence of, and evaluate risk factors for, the development of hypertriglyceridemia (defined as a serum triglyceride level of > 400 mg/dL) in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 who received propofol.


Evaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of Inhaled Epoprostenol and Inhaled Nitric Oxide for Refractory Hypoxemia in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations

In this study, the authors evaluated the efficacy and safety of inhaled epoprostenol and inhaled nitric oxide in patients with refractory hypoxemia secondary to coronavirus disease 2019.


Evaluation of the Risk Prediction Tools for Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wuhan, China: A Single-Centered, Retrospective, Observational Study

From Critical Care Medicine. In this study from China, the authors evaluated and compared the efficacy of National Early Warning Score, National Early Warning Score 2, Rapid Emergency Medicine Score, Confusion, Respiratory rate, Blood pressure, Age 65 score, and quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment on predicting in-hospital death in patients with coronavirus disease 2019.


Evidence-based COVID-19 ICU Management Guide v2

This resource is a guide for evidence-based COVID-19 ICU management. This management guide was not intended to be a therapeutic guide, therefore information on any specific COVID-19 treatments have not been covered. British Columbia has a therapeutics committee in coordination with BCCDC which publish separate, regularly updated guidelines on this subject. This guide is currently available for reference by staff working in Vancouver Coastal Health in all areas managing COVID-19 patients. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Experience With Cardiology-Oriented Outcomes in Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations

The authors share data and recommendations from a multidisciplinary team to highlight our institution’s clinical experiences and guidelines for managing cardiovascular complications of coronavirus disease 2019.


Extended Use of Personal Protective Equipment​ for COVID-19​

This presentation covers how to use PPE long-term during a disaster. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Coronavirus Disease 2019-Induced Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Multicenter Descriptive Study

From Critical Care Medicine. This study aims to summarize the clinical features, ECMO characteristics, and outcomes of patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia receiving ECMO. The authors conclude ECMO might be an effective salvage treatment for patients with SARS27 CoV-2 pneumonia associated with severe ARDS. Severe CO2 retention and acidosis 28 prior to ECMO indicated a poor prognosis.


Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Pediatric Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019–Related Illness

From Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. The authors describe current hospital guidelines and the opinions of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation leaders at U.S. children’s hospitals concerning the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for coronavirus disease 2019–positive pediatric patients.


Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Possible Late Indication for Coronavirus Disease 2019?

From Critical Care Explorations. In this case report, the authors note that late extracorporeal membrane oxygenation may be considered in selected patients as a bridge to recovery. Further prospective studies are, however, needed.


Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Retrieval in Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Case-Series of 19 Patients Supported at a High-Volume Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Center

From Critical Care Explorations. In this observational study, the authors concluded that extracorporeal membrane oxygenation retrieval can rescue young, previously healthy patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 in whom all the conventional respiratory measures have failed and found that thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications are frequent in this cohort.


Fact Versus Science Fiction: Fighting Coronavirus Disease 2019 Requires the Wisdom to Know the Difference

From Critical Care Explorations. This commentary uses a recent study of hydroxychloroquine to demonstrate the dire need for randomized clinical trials, but more importantly, to explore the potential consequences of misinformation, how fear fuels its impact, and offer guidance to maintain scientific integrity without relinquishing hope.


Falls: Non-ICU Emergency Cards

This resource details how manage falls of COVID-19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Family-Centered Care in the Age of Visitor Restrictions

This webcast addressed the legal, social and logistical challenges in communicating with families during the pandemic. Topics covered included a conceptual and practical framework for remote family communication, the importance of having a coordinated interdisciplinary effort in these communications, and updates on CMS regulations for communications.


Feasibility and Safety of Prone Position Transport for Severe Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure Due to Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations

The authors found that critical care transport of severe hypoxemic respiratory failure patients with coronavirus disease 2019 in the prone position is safe when performed by a dedicated team of critical care nurse and paramedics with an established protocol.


Federal Healthcare Resilience Working Group (HRWG): Surge Roadmap Slides

The Federal Healthcare Resilience Working Group (HRWG) created Strategies for Managing a Surge in COVID-19 Cases, also referred to as the Surge Roadmap, to provide guidance to the state, tribal, local, and territorial (STLT) jurisdictions on how to enhance their healthcare capabilities in response to a surge in COVID-19 cases.


FHCC Guide for Cardiac Arrest Codes in PUI and COVID-19 Patients

This resource covers cardiac arrest codes for PUI and COVID-19 patients. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


First and Second Waves of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Madrid, Spain: Clinical Characteristics and Hematological Risk Factors Associated With Critical/Fatal Illness

From Critical Care Explorations  In this study, the authors sought to determine similarities and differences in clinical characteristics between the patients from two waves of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection at the time of hospital admission, as well as to identify risk biomarkers of coronavirus disease 2019 severity.


For a stable patient on the ward who needs 2 to 4 liters of oxygen, is hemodynamically stable, and does not seem to be deteriorating, would you start a medication such as remdesivir or steroids or would you wait until the patient’s condition starts to det

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on November 4, 2020.


For patients being treated for COVID-19, do you switch back and forth between high-flow nasal cannula and noninvasive ventilation?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


For patients who fail to adequately oxygenate with less invasive methods, what are your triggers for starting mechanical ventilation? What would you want the non-ICU clinician to know before going down that path? When do you decide to intubate someone?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on December 9, 2020.


For patients who have acute respiratory distress syndrome from COVID-19 and are on a ventilator, how do you identify secondary lung infections?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on March 10, 2021


For patients with COVID-19 being treated with intermediate- or full-dose enoxaparin, have anti-Xa levels been checked? If so, have higher-than-expected anti-Xa levels been found?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on March 10, 2021


For patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome from COVID-19, how do you prevent delirium when you cannot provide a sedation vacation or spontaneous breathing trial?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on March 10, 2021


Foreword: Does Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Cause Sepsis?

From Critical Care Medicine. In this foreword, the authors contend that there should be no debate that SARS-CoV-2 is an important cause of sepsis and that labeling it as such is beneficial and appropriate.


Frequency and Analysis of Unplanned Extubation in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

From Critical Care Explorations

The authors found that coronavirus disease 2019 patients have a higher incidence of unplanned extubation that requires reintubation than noncoronavirus disease 2019 patients.


Frequency of Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Use Early in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors reviewed the available literature to understand the frequency of continuous renal replacement therapy use among patients with coronavirus disease 2019 who required intensive care.


From Retirement to the Frontlines

This presentation describes what it has been like for a retired clinician to come back to work on the frontines during the pandemic. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Gender Difference Is Associated With Severity of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection: An Insight From a Meta-Analysis

From Critical Care Explorations. This review article investigates how gender difference can affect the disease severity of COVID-19 infection.


GROOM-Q4: An Innovative, Consolidated Workflow to Improve ICU Efficiency and Reduce Viral Exposure

This resource covers strategies to consolidate workflow to improve ICU efficiency and reduce COVID-19 infection risks. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Guiding Principles for the Conduct of Observational Critical Care Research for Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemics and Beyond: The Society of Critical Care Medicine Discovery Viral Infection and Respiratory Illness Universal Study Registry

From Critical Care Medicine. In this article, the authors describe how the Society of Critical Care Medicine Discovery Viral Infection and Respiratory Illness Universal Study coronavirus disease 2019 registry sought to develop and implement prespecified best practices combined with grassroots efforts from clinical sites worldwide in order to develop clinically useful knowledge in response to a pandemic.
 


Harmonizing Heterogeneous Endpoints in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Trials Without Loss of Information

From Critical Care Medicine

The authors aim to provide hands-on statistical guidelines for harmonizing heterogeneous endpoints in coronavirus disease 2019 clinical trials.


Have steroids been used after discharge?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on November 4, 2020.


Have you become more aggressive in placing arterial lines in these patients when you might have only monitored pulse oximetry in the past?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 9, 2020.


Have you considered lymphopenia as a criterion to suspect COVID-19?

In this question and answer webcast series, attendees had an opportunity to pose questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues. Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also answered. Recorded on: Friday, May 22, 2020


Have you seen a multisystem inflammatory syndrome in adult ICU patients?

In this question and answer webcast series, attendees had an opportunity to pose questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues. Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also answered. Recorded on: Friday, May 22, 2020


High Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) Use in COVID-19 Respiratory Failure

This presentation is an overview of HFNC use for COVID-19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Higher Intensity Thromboprophylaxis Regimens and Pulmonary Embolism in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

From Critical Care Medicine. In this study from Belgium, the authors assessed the role of thromboprophylaxis regimens on the occurrence of pulmonary embolism in coronavirus disease 2019 patients.


High-Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) Use in COVID-19 Respiratory Failure

This presentation is an overview of HFNC use for COVID-19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


High-Flow Nasal Oxygen in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients With Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure: A Multicenter, Retrospective Cohort Study

From Critical Care Medicine. In this study, the authors analyzed the effectiveness of high-flow nasal oxygen treatment and aimed to identify the variables predicting high-flow nasal oxygen treatment failure in coronavirus disease 2019 patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure.
 


How can clinicians foster communication between patients and their families?

In this question and answer webcast series, attendees had an opportunity to pose questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues.


How can clinicians help patients transition through the ICU and other parts of the hospital to home?

In this question and answer webcast series, attendees had an opportunity to pose questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues.


How can patients be weaned off high doses of multiple sedatives to which they have become tolerant?

In this question and answer webcast, attendees had the opportunity to post questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues.

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also addressed.

Webcast held on June 19, 2020


How did your institution handle incorporating fellows, residents, and other non-ICU clinicians into a tiered staffing system? Did they care for patients? What do you recommend?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on August 12, 2020.


How do approaches for children differ from those for adults?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 9, 2020.


How do emergency department staff identify patients who need critical care? How are these patients triaged, and what criteria are used to determine whether patients are transferred to a ward, to the ICU, or to home?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on October 14, 2020.


How do we prevent VTEs and how do we survey for them? Should patients receive standard prophylaxis? Should all ventilated patients receive full-dose anticoagulation? What are your practices and how have you approached this at your center?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on December 9, 2020.


How do you achieve a balance between staff safety and PPE use and assessing patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on October 14, 2020.


How do you decide whether there might be a superimposed bacterial pneumonia? What is your antibiotic of choice for treating this pneumonia?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


How does an emergency department nurse apply her skills to the ICU when asked to work as an ICU nurse? Does your hospital use any type of tiered staffing? Do you incorporate non-ICU nurses or non-ICU physicians into your ICU staffing?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on November 4, 2020.


How effective are medications that target interleukin-6?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on June 10th, 2020.


How is ECMO being used in patients with COVID-19?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


How is PPE allocated in your hospital? How are decisions made as to when to reuse it and when to discard it

In this question and answer webcast series, attendees had an opportunity to pose questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues. Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also answered. Recorded on: Friday, May 22, 2020


How long should patients be kept on noninvasive ventilation?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


How often do you prone nonintubated patients? Are most patients on high-flow or noninvasive support being proned? What schedule is being used to alternate between prone and supine positions? Does the same schedule apply to intubated patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


How often do you see COVID-19-induced neuropathy in your patient population? How are you treating it?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on July 8th, 2020.


How should a COVID-19 patient who is recovering from acute respiratory distress syndrome be weaned off the ventilator?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


How should airways be secured when proning intubated patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


How should anticoagulation be approached in the critically ill patient with COVID-19?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 9, 2020.


How should awake patients be placed in a prone position

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on May 13th, 2020.


How should patients be weaned off mechanical ventilation? When should they be weaned and how long should weaning take?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on February 24, 2021


How should patients who require mechanical ventilation be identified and how should initial ventilator settings be determined?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on September 9, 2020.


How should respiratory failure be treated in patients with COVID-19 in terms of ventilator management?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on April 15, 2020.


How should the decision be made as to whether a negative pressure isolation room is needed versus less strict forms of environmental controls?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on May 27th, 2020.


How to approach treating pain in patients with COVID-19

This presentation provides an overview of the types of strategies for approaching the A Element (Pain) of the ICU Liberation Bundle in patients with COVID-19. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


How to enhance sleep in patients with COVID-19

This presentation provides an overview of the types of strategies for enhancing sleep in patients with COVID-19. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


How was nurse staffing handled at your institution? Did you design a tiered staffing system for ICU nurses or did you use nurses from other departments? What was your experience with the nursing staff?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on August 12, 2020.


How were non-ICU nurses brought up to speed to care for patients that overflowed from the ICU?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on June 10th, 2020.


How will the new COVID-19 variants affect the vaccination strategy?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on February 24, 2021


How would a nonintensivist manage a patient who needs high-flow oxygen or noninvasive ventilation but does not require immediate intubation who is admitted to the ward because no ICU beds are available?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on November 4, 2020.


How would you describe the overall big picture of oxygen therapies?

In this question and answer webcast, attendees had the opportunity to post questions about managing critically ill patients with COVID-19 and other issues. Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were also addressed. Webcast held on June 19, 2020


Hypotension: Non-ICU Emergency Cards

This resource details how manage hypotension. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


ICU and Ventilator Mortality Among Critically Ill Adults With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine. To help address the growing concern that critical illness, and specifically mechanical ventilation, are associated with a high risk of death, the authors conducted a retrospective cohort study of critically ill patients with COVID-19 across their academic health system.


ICU Bed Utilization During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic in a Multistate Analysis—March to June 2020

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors examined ICU census trends in relation to ICU bed capacity during the rapid increase in severe coronavirus disease 2019 cases early during the pandemic, and concluded they concluded tha ttheir findings demonstrate the short-term adaptability of U.S. healthcare institutions in redirecting limited resources to accommodate a public health emergency.


ICU Guide for Airway Management in COVID-19 Patients

This is a quick airway management resource guide for treating COVID-19 patients . This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


ICU Preparedness Checklist

COVID-19 Checklist. This checklist can be used to help prepare your institution during the COVID-19 surge.


ICU Readiness Assessment: We Are Not Prepared for COVID-19

SCCM COVID-19 Report. Nearly 5,000 U.S. intensive care unit (ICU) clinicians say that their ICUs are not prepared for the potential onslaught of COVID-19 patients. According to the Society of Critical Care Medicine's (SCCM) ICU Readiness Assessment Report, their specific concerns range from shortages of supplies and staff, patient surge and overcrowding, and personal protective equipment.


ICU vs. PICU Liberation: Same Goals, Different Tools

This presentation discusses the difference in ICU and PICU liberation to implement the ICU Liberation Bundle in patients with COVID-19. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


IDSA Resources: Administration

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Administration


IDSA Resources: Infection

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Infection


IDSA Resources: Obstetrics

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Obstetrics


IDSA Resources: Pharmacology

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Pharmacology


IDSA Resources: Pulmonary

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Pulmonary


IDSA Resources: Well-Being

SCCM’s COVID-19 Rapid Resource Center now links to pertinent content from the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) COVID-19 Real-Time Learning Network. These resources are categorized as Well-Being


If a patient has had COVID-19 for 3 weeks and is still short of breath and fatigued and has a lot of ground-glass opacities on radiograph, should this patient receive steroids?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on October 14, 2020.


If a patient reports shortness of breath but has an oxygen saturation of 95%, is this patient a candidate for dexamethasone?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on November 4, 2020.


If a patient was previously positive for either COVID-19, multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS) in children (MIS-C), or MIS in adults (MIS-A), and now has high titers, what post-COVID-19 symptoms might that patient have?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on February 24, 2021


If heated high-flow nasal cannula is not available, can continuous positive airway pressure with nasal pillows be used instead?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


If you discharge a patient home when the patient still requires oxygen, would you have the patient complete the 10 days of dexamethasone or stop at discharge, since the data are for hospitalized patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


Imaging in COVID-19:​ When to Perform CT and Radiography

This presentation covers imaging concerns for COVID-19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Implications of Obesity for the Management of Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pneumonia

From Critical Care Medicine. The authors report on their experience from their first 44 cases of 95 COVID-19 critically ill patients and analyze the link between obesity and this new form of 96 ARDS caused by the SARS-CoV-2 with its potential implications for patients' management.


Improving Survival of Critical Care Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in England: A National Cohort Study, March to June 2020

From Critical Care Medicine. The authors measured temporal trends in survival over time in people with severe coronavirus disease 2019 requiring critical care (high dependency unit or ICU) management, and assessed whether temporal variation in mortality was explained by changes in patient demographics and comorbidity burden over time.


In a patient who has COVID-19 respiratory infection and requires intubation, when should the patient be intubated and what is the intubation process?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on February 24, 2021


In permissive hypoxemia and acute respiratory distress syndrome, the literature typically talks about a partial pressure of oxygen of 60 mm Hg. How low should this pressure get for intubated patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


In Silico Modeling of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Pathophysiologic Insights and Potential Management Implications

From Critical Care Explorations. In this study, the authors adapted a high-fidelity computational simulator to develop quantitative insights into the key pathophysiologic differences between the coronavirus disease 2019 acute respiratory distress syndrome and the conventional acute respiratory distress syndrome and to assess the impact of different positive end-expiratory pressure, Fio2, and tidal volume settings.


In the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, when pediatric ICUs were turned into medical ICUs, how did the pediatric intensive care community manage adult patients?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on June 10th, 2020.


In Time of Plague: Healthcare Literacy During a Pandemic

This presentation is an overview of why health literacy considerations are important when communicating with COVID-19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


In Vitro–Administered Dexamethasone Suppresses T Cell Function With Reversal by Interleukin-7 in Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations. The authors evaluated the in vitro effects of dexamethasone phosphate on T cell function in peripheral blood mononuclear cells derived from patients with acute, severe, and moderate coronavirus disease 2019.


Incidence of Venous Thromboembolism in Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients Receiving Prophylactic Anticoagulation

From Critical Care Medicine. Deep venous thrombosis is very common in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019, so the authors describe the prevalence of venous thromboembolism in critically ill patients receiving different regimens of prophylactic anticoagulation.


Increased Dead Space Ventilation and Refractory Hypercapnia in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Potential Marker of Thrombosis in the Pulmonary Vasculature

From Critical Care Explorations. This case series highlights clinical findings and management of coronavirus disease 2019 patients with refractory hypercapnia despite maximal/optimal ventilatory support.


Infection Control from the ED to the ICU: Triage to Transport

The care of patients with COVID-19 requires careful steps for preventing infection of staff and other patients throughout the continuum care from the emergency department to the ICU. This webinar consisted of an expert panel discussion of questions and case studies that addressed burning questions. Participants also received an infographic with pearls from the panel experts to help in their practice. Webcast Recorded on Friday, March 26, 2021


Inflammation Profiling of Critically Ill Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients

From Critical Care Explorations The authors profiled plasma inflammatory analytes to help understand the host response to COVID19.


Inflammatory Response and Phenotyping in Severe Acute Respiratory Infection From the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus and Other Etiologies

From Critical Care Medicine

The authors evaluated the inflammatory response in patients with severe acute respiratory infection due to the Middle East respiratory syndrome and non-Middle East respiratory syndrome and assessed the presence of distinct inflammatory subphenotypes using latent class analysis.


Infographic: Infection Control from the Emergency Department to the ICU

This infographic resource details best practices to mitigate infection control from the ED to the ICU.

This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Infographic: Multi-organ Point-of-care Ultrasound for COVID-19 (PoCUS4COVID): International Expert Consensus

This is an infographic that details multi-organ point of care ultrasound during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Initial Management of Hypoxic COVID-19 Patients

COVID-19 SSC Guidelines Infographic. This rapid resource is aligned with the SSC COVID-19 Guidelines.


Inpatient Mortality According to Level of Respiratory Support Received for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) Infection: A Prospective Multicenter Study

From Critical Care Explorations. In this study, the authors describe patients according to the maximum degree of respiratory support received and report their inpatient mortality due to coronavirus disease 2019.


Integral Use of Thromboelastography With Platelet Mapping to Guide Appropriate Treatment, Avoid Complications, and Improve Survival of Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019–Related Coagulopathy

From Critical Care Explorations

In this study, the authors round that thromboelastography with platelet mapping better characterizes the spectrum of coronavirus disease 2019 coagulation-related abnormalities and may guide more tailored, patient-specific therapies in thostudyse infected with coronavirus disease 2019.


International Survey to Establish Prioritized Outcomes for Trials in People With Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Medicine. The author set out to generate a consensus-based, prioritized list of outcomes for coronavirus disease 2019 trials.


Intracranial Pressure Dynamics and Cerebral Vasomotor Reactivity in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patient With Acute Encephalitis

From Critical Care Explorations. In this article, the authors describe the intracranial pressure dynamics and cerebral vasomotor reactivity in a coronavirus disease 2019 patient with acute encephalitis treated with cerebrospinal fluid drainage and therapeutic plasma exchange.


Intravenous Immunoglobulin Plus Methylprednisolone Mitigate Respiratory Morbidity in Coronavirus Disease 2019

From Critical Care Explorations

The authors piloted a randomized trial of IV immunoglobulin in coronavirus disease 2019 patients and found significantly improved hypoxia and reduced hospital length of stay.


Intubated and Nonintubated Patients: Which COVID-19-Positive Patients Should be Treated With Corticosteroids?

Steve Pastores, MD, co-author of the Critical Care Explorations article "Rationale for Prolonged Corticosteroid Treatment in the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Caused by Coronavirus Disease 2019," answers question regarding the use of corticosteriod treatment for ARDS caused by COVID-19. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Intubation Medications/Sedation Requirements for Intubating COVID-19 Patient - Infographic

This resource is an infographic that details intubation medications and sedation requirement for intubating COVID-19 patients. This is a community developed COVID-19 microlearning resource.


Is Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Futile in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients Experiencing In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest?

From Critical Care Medicine

The authors describe the characteristics and outcomes of in-hospital cardiac arrest in coronavirus disease 2019 patients in rural Southwest Georgia.


Is Noninvasive Ventilation Aerosol Producing? Is There a Risk?

This presentation covers infection control concerns when using NIV for COVID-19 patients. This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Is the COVID-19 disease process more similar to high-altitude pulmonary edema than to classic acute respiratory distress syndrome?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on April 15, 2020.


Is the standard 6 milligrams of dexamethasone for up to 10 days the only option? Do all patients need this or is there any evidence for trying something different? Has there been any experience with using a higher dexamethasone dose?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on December 9, 2020.


Is there a relationship between the development of sepsis, the development of COVID-19, and subsequent mortality?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered.


Is there a Role for Angiotensin II in COVID-19 Patients with Shock?​

This resource details how angiotensin II can used for COVID-19 patients with shock.

This is SCCM curated COVID-19 microlearning content.


Is there any consensus about prophylactic anticoagulation in patients without known venous thromboembolism?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


Is there any difference in outcome between patients who are intubated earlier from mechanical ventilation compared with those who are intubated later?

Questions from social media, blogs and the various discussion forums, including the new SCCM COVID-19 Discussion Group, were answered. This microlearning content was taken from the COVID-19 Critical Care for Non-ICU Clinicians: Expert Panel Series held on January 13, 2021.


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